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Kimball, Sarah L. – 1994
This report discusses the effects of lead exposure and toxicity on children's cognitive development and school performance and addresses the role of schools in prevention of lead poisoning. Sources of lead exposure include mining, smelting and refining activities, lead paint, leaded gasoline, and industrial emissions. The results of lead poisoning…
Descriptors: Child Development, Child Health, Children, Cognitive Development
Bull, Kay S.; Kimball, Sarah – 1996
This paper describes the application of a risk-based decision-making process in education and the use of risk communication with special education students and their parents. Risk-based decision making clarifies uncertainties inherent in a decision by examining the probability of a resulting harmful effect and the consequences of decisions made.…
Descriptors: Administrators, Communication Skills, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Bull, Kay Sather; Kimball, Sarah – Rural Special Education Quarterly, 1997
Risk communication is a methodology recommended for rural special education professionals who communicate with parents and teachers. Using rural special education examples, the steps of risk-based decision making are described: hazard identification, hazard assessment, risk assessment, risk management, risk analysis, and risk communication.…
Descriptors: Administrators, Communication Skills, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education
Bull, Kay Sather; Kimball, Sarah; Stansberry, Susan – 1998
Computer mediated learning (CML) courses can overcome the temporal and spatial obstacles of isolated commuter students with busy schedules. Whether presented online or as an add-on to an on-campus course, the CML course needs a good syllabus. This paper discusses components of a CML syllabus and online activities for students. Typical components…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Course Descriptions, Course Organization, Curriculum Development
Bull, Kay S.; Kimball, Sarah L. – 1997
This paper provides basic information on searching the Internet and describes sites of interest in the area of rural special education. The first section traces the evolution of the Internet through various phases--ARPANET, NSFNET, CERNET, and the beginnings of the World Wide Web--and describes various protocols (methods and tools) developed to…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Hypermedia, Information Networks
Bull, Kay S.; Montgomery, Diane; Overton, Robert; Kimball, Sarah – 1999
Portfolios provide a means to represent excellence and variety in the work of one preparing to be a teacher. This paper reviews the implementation of portfolios with preservice teachers and describes appropriate electronic artifacts for inclusion in an electronic portfolio. Teaching portfolios are typically composed of artifacts, reproductions,…
Descriptors: Computer Uses in Education, Cooperative Learning, Higher Education, Hypermedia
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Bull, Kay Sather; Winterowd, Carrie Lynn; Kimball, Sarah Leigh – Rural Special Education Quarterly, 1999
The Internet is a useful tool for special education teachers and parents of children with disabilities in rural areas. For teachers there are multipurpose sites, sites for special education teachers, and sites related to specific disabilities. Parental education sites discuss learning about disabilities, coping strategies, support organizations,…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Information Sources, Parent Education
Bull, Kay Sather; Kimball, Sarah Leigh; Stansberry, Susan – 1998
This paper outlines assumptions and principles related to computer mediated learning (CML) and suggests instructional design and classroom strategies for CML planning and practice. The pedagogy of control is contrasted with the pedagogy of choice and the latter constructivist viewpoint is recommended as the basis of CML. Assumptions about learning…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Constructivism (Learning), Cooperative Learning, Educational Strategies
Bull, Kay Sather; Kimball, Sarah L.; Stansberry, Susan – 1998
Asynchronous computer mediated learning (CML) provides a mechanism for student interaction that is unique among educational delivery systems. Collaborative interactive learning can lead to deeper learning than is possible without interaction among learners and may enable groups of learners to become more knowledgeable than the teacher in narrow…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Constructivism (Learning), Cooperative Learning, Distance Education
Bull, Kay S.; Boykin, Cynthia; Griffin, John; Overton, Robert; Kimball, Sarah L. – 1999
A hyperbook is a form of distance education that promotes computer-mediated learning and collaborative/constructive learning in the development of multigenerational learning communities. A hyperbook is composed of hypertext that resides on the Internet. Hypertext is text with embedded links that allow the reader to move around in the text or to…
Descriptors: Active Learning, Computer Assisted Instruction, Cooperative Learning, Curriculum Design
Bull, Kay S.; Shuler, Paul; Overton, Robert; Kimball, Sarah; Boykin, Cynthia; Griffin, John – 1999
When in the "zone of proximal development" for a particular skill or piece of information, a learner is ready to learn but lacks certain prerequisites. Scaffolding is an interactive process in which a teacher or facilitator assists such a learner to build a "structure" to contain and frame the new information. Scaffolding can…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Computer Assisted Instruction, Constructivism (Learning), Cooperative Learning
Bull, Kay S.; Boykin, Cynthia; Griffin, John; Overton, Robert; Kimball, Sarah – 1999
Intergenerational learning communities develop when learners from one class create materials that learners from later classes can use. If information for a class is collected and maintained in an electronic archive, each successive class, or generation, can use that material and build upon it. The compilation of documents results in a…
Descriptors: Collegiality, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Uses in Education, Cooperative Learning
Montgomery, Diane; Overton, Robert; Bull, Kay S.; Kimball, Sarah; Griffin, John – 1999
This paper discusses techniques and resources to use to stimulate creativity through a web site for several "generations" of gifted and talented learners. To organize a web site to stimulate creativity, two categories of development issues must be considered: intrinsic person variables, and process variables such as thinking skills,…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Creative Development, Creative Thinking, Creativity