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Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A.; Wagner, Richard K.; Taylor, Jeanette – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
A fairly recent definition of reading disability (RD) is that in the form of a hybrid model. The model views RD as a latent construct that is manifested through various observable unexpected impairments in reading-related skills and through inadequate response to intervention. The current report evaluated this new conceptualization of RD from an…
Descriptors: Etiology, Reading Difficulties, Reading Programs, Response to Intervention
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Munger, Kristen A.; Murray, Maria S. – Educational Assessment, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity evidence of first-grade spelling scores from a standardized test of nonsense word spellings and their potential value within universal literacy screening. Spelling scores from the Test of Phonological Awareness: Second Edition PLUS for 47 first-grade children were scored using a standardized…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests
Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Susan, Keesey; Bennett, Jessica G.; Ramnath, Rajiv; Council, Morris R., III. – Grantee Submission, 2016
The ratings and rationales primary-age urban learners gave culturally relevant reading passages was the focus of this descriptive study. First- and second-grade students each read 30 researcher-developed passages reflecting the students' immediate and historical backgrounds. The students rated the passages and gave a reason for their ratings. A…
Descriptors: Cultural Relevance, Literature, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Petscher, Yaacov; Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Conceptualizations of developmental trends are driven by the particular method used to analyze the period of change of interest. Various techniques exist to analyze developmental data, including individual growth curve analysis in observed and latent frameworks, cross-lagged regression to assess interrelations among variables, and multilevel…
Descriptors: Individual Development, Correlation, Longitudinal Studies, Oral Reading
Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Wagner, Richard K. – Grantee Submission, 2015
In the present study we investigated a developmentally changing role of text reading fluency in mediating the relations of word reading fluency and listening comprehension to reading comprehension. We addressed this question by using longitudinal data from Grades 1 to 4 and employing structural equation models. Results showed that the role of text…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Word Recognition, Listening Skills, Reading Comprehension
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Hart, Sara A.; Logan, Jessica A. R.; Soden-Hensler, Brooke; Kershaw, Sarah; Taylor, Jeanette; Schatschneider, Christopher – Developmental Psychology, 2013
Research on the development of reading skills through the primary school years has pointed to the importance of individual differences in initial ability as well as the growth of those skills. Additionally, it has been theorized that reading skills develop incrementally. The present study examined the genetic and environmental influences on 2…
Descriptors: Nature Nurture Controversy, Twins, Reading Skills, Reading Fluency