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Yli-Piipari, Sami; Kokkonen, Juha – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2014
The study examined the role of motivation in students' performance and engagement in elementary and middle school physical education. Cross-lagged relationships between performance and engagement were investigated across Grades 6-9. A total of 763 (365 girls, 398 boys) Finnish school students (11- to 12-year old) were followed across three years.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Expectation
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Vlachopoulos, Symeon P.; Katartzi, Ermioni S.; Kontou, Maria G. – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2011
The present study reported on the modification of the Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale (Vlachopoulos & Michailidou, 2006) to assess students' psychological need fulfillment in elementary school, middle school, and high school compulsory physical education classes. Data were collected from 817 5th and 6th grade students, 862 middle…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Psychological Needs, Physical Education, Elementary School Students