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Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Assessing the achievement of students in elementary and secondary schools and the nation's educational progress is fundamental to informing education policy approaches. Congressional interest in this area includes and extends beyond the annual assessments administered by states to comply with the educational accountability requirements of Title…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests
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McFarland, Joel; Hussar, Bill; de Brey, Cristobal; Snyder, Tom; Wang, Xiaolei; Wilkinson-Flicker, Sidney; Gebrekristos, Semhar; Zhang, Jijun; Rathbun, Amy; Barmer, Amy; Bullock Mann, Farrah; Hinz, Serena – National Center for Education Statistics, 2017
"The Condition of Education 2017" is a congressionally mandated annual report summarizing the latest data on education in the United States. This report is designed to help policymakers and the public monitor educational progress. This year's report includes 50 indicators on topics ranging from prekindergarten through postsecondary…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Preschool Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education
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McCreary, John J.; Marchant, Gregory J. – Reading Psychology, 2017
The relationship between reading and empathy was explored. Controlling for GPA and gender, reading variables were hypothesized as related to empathy; the relationship was expected to differ for males and females. For the complete sample, affective components were related to GPA but not reading. Perspective taking was related to reading…
Descriptors: Correlation, Empathy, Grade Point Average, Gender Differences
Kelly, Dianne; Fearing, Erik – Voices in Urban Education, 2017
While Massachusetts has received accolades for its high scores on the National Assessment for Educational Progress (NAEP) and Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) tests, absolute results from standardized tests tend to correlate strongly with family income and parental education. The Massachusetts Consortium for Innovative Education…
Descriptors: Consortia, Educational Assessment, Educational Innovation, Partnerships in Education
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Ost, Ben; Gangopadhyaya, Anuj; Schiman, Jeffrey C. – Education Economics, 2017
Studies using tests scores as the dependent variable often report point estimates in student standard deviation units. We note that a standard deviation is not a standard unit of measurement since the distribution of test scores can vary across contexts. As such, researchers should be cautious when interpreting differences in the numerical size of…
Descriptors: Scores, Statistical Analysis, Measurement, Computation
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Braun, Henry; von Davier, Matthias – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Economists are making increasing use of measures of student achievement obtained through large-scale survey assessments such as NAEP, TIMSS, and PISA. The construction of these measures, employing plausible value (PV) methodology, is quite different from that of the more familiar test scores associated with assessments such as the SAT…
Descriptors: Scores, Test Use, Measurement, Psychometrics
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Hanushek, Eric A.; Ruhose, Jens; Woessmann, Ludger – Education Next, 2016
Congress passed the Every Student Succeeds Act, supplanting No Child Left Behind and placing responsibility for public school improvement squarely upon each of the 50 states. With the federal government's role in school accountability sharply diminished, it now falls to state and local governments to take decisive action. Even though most…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Economic Impact, Academic Achievement, Educational Improvement
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Kena, Grace; Hussar, William; McFarland, Joel; de Brey, Cristobal; Musu-Gillette, Lauren; Wang, Xiaolei; Zhang, Jijun; Rathbun, Amy; Wilkinson-Flicker, Sidney; Diliberti, Melissa; Barmer, Amy; Bullock Mann, Farrah; Dunlop Velez, Erin – National Center for Education Statistics, 2016
Congress has required that the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) produce an annual report to policymakers about the progress of education in the United States. "The Condition of Education 2016" presents 43 key indicators on important topics and trends in U.S. education. These indicators focus on population characteristics,…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Elementary Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education, Educational Attainment
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Sachse, Karoline A.; Roppelt, Alexander; Haag, Nicole – Journal of Educational Measurement, 2016
Trend estimation in international comparative large-scale assessments relies on measurement invariance between countries. However, cross-national differential item functioning (DIF) has been repeatedly documented. We ran a simulation study using national item parameters, which required trends to be computed separately for each country, to compare…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Measurement, Test Bias, Simulation
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Peterson, Paul E. – Education Next, 2016
At the turn of the century, the United States was trying to come to grips with a serious education crisis. The country was lagging behind its international peers, and a half-century effort to erode racial disparities in school achievement had made little headway. Many people expected action from the federal government. George W. Bush and Barack…
Descriptors: Federal Government, Government Role, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
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Meyer, David; Werth, Loredana – International Journal of Education Policy and Leadership, 2016
This quantitative study examines the correlation between international student achievement test outcomes and national competitiveness rankings. Student achievement data are derived from a variation-adjusted, common-scale metric data set for 74 countries that have participated in any of the international mathematics and science achievement tests…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Statistical Analysis, Correlation, Competition
Baker, Bruce D.; Weber, Mark – Albert Shanker Institute, 2016
In this paper, the authors begin by classifying the arguments that assert American schools are relatively inefficient into two categories: the "long-term trend argument" and the "international comparison argument." Their focus herein is on the latter of these two. They then describe two frameworks for approaching either of…
Descriptors: Public Education, Public Schools, Misconceptions, Efficiency
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Eddy, Colleen M.; Quebec Fuentes, Sarah; Ward, Elizabeth K.; Parker, Yolanda A.; Cooper, Sandi; Jasper, William A.; Mallam, Winifred A.; Sorto, M. Alejandra; Wilkerson, Trena L. – Journal of Advanced Academics, 2015
There exists an increased focus on school mathematics, especially first-year algebra, due to recent efforts for all students to be college and career ready. In addition, there are calls, policies, and legislation advocating for all students to study algebra epitomized by four rationales of the "Algebra for All" movement. In light of this…
Descriptors: Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Educational Policy, Course Content
Afterschool Alliance, 2015
The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with Dollar General Literacy Foundation, is proud to present this issue brief examining the vital role afterschool programs play to build students' literacy skills. This issue brief will explore the additional support needed to help students with their reading, writing and critical thinking skills, as well…
Descriptors: After School Programs, Literacy Education, Reading Skills, Reading Programs
Karoly, Lynn A. – RAND Corporation, 2015
This study documents the magnitude of the gaps in student performance for public school students in Pennsylvania and estimates the economic consequences of those education performance gaps. Although Pennsylvania is one of the top-scoring states on the 2013 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) on average, the achievement gaps between…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Public Schools, Economic Factors, Racial Differences
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