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ERIC Number: EJ993329
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0030-9230
Education through Images: Peronist Visual Propaganda between Innovation and Tradition (Argentina 1946-1955)
Schembs, Katharina
Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, v49 n1 p90-110 2013
The first two Peronist governments (1946-1955) introduced extensive social reforms that notably improved working conditions and systematised vocational training. Thereby the foundations of the Argentine welfare state were laid and the working masses were socially included to an unprecedented degree: thus, they also constituted the majority of Peron's supporters. These reforms were accompanied and buttressed by a purportedly equally innovative set of symbols, in the form of mostly graphic propaganda on leaflets or advertising posters, intended to disseminate political ideas and educate the Argentine population. Apart from economic implications like fostering industrial progress, the centring of the regime around the figure of the worker, which for the first time appeared within the self-representation of the state, also brought about a redefinition of the notion of citizenship. In conceiving of the Peronist visual propaganda as a means of state-driven education of the Argentine population and thereby taking it up in the realm of educationalist research, this article first focuses on the appropriations and reformulations of local discursive and iconographic traditions within the Peronist propaganda, despite the self-proclaimed novelty of the regime and its visual representations. Second, by comparing it to the propagandistic production of other corporatist welfare regimes of the interwar period, it elaborates the national specificity, as well as transnational entanglements in the staging of welfare policies and the visualisation of the redefined relationship between state and citizens. (Contains 59 footnotes and 13 figures.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Argentina; Italy