ERIC Number: EJ986765
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
Fraser and the Cheerleader: Values and the Boundaries of Student Speech
Ehrensal, Patricia A. L.
Journal of School Leadership, v22 n2 p309-334 Mar 2012
Student speech has and continues to be a contested issue in schools. The Supreme Court ruled in "Tinker" that students do not shed their rights at the schoolhouse gate; in the "Kuhlmeier" and "Fraser" decisions, however, the Court gave school officials greater latitude in regulating student speech, especially when it bears the imprimatur of the school. However, in its "Frederick" decision, the Court established school officials as the arbiters of the meaning of student speech. This article explores the underlying values in schools that rejected the speech of Fraser while accepting the speech act of cheerleaders' dance routines. It examines how the interpretation of these speech acts by school officials contributes to gender reproduction, with all the inequalities imposed.
Descriptors: Public Schools, Freedom of Speech, Student Rights, Court Litigation, School Law, Gender Issues, Values, Extracurricular Activities, Sex Role, Sex Fairness, Ethics, Critical Theory, Discourse Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bethel School District 403 v Fraser; First Amendment; Hazelwood School District v Kuhlmeier; Tinker v Des Moines Independent School District