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ERIC Number: EJ964352
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0160-2896
Two Thirds of the Age-Based Changes in Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence, Perceptual Speed, and Memory in Adulthood Are Shared
Ghisletta, Paolo; Rabbitt, Patrick; Lunn, Mary; Lindenberger, Ulman
Intelligence, v40 n3 p260-268 May-Jun 2012
Many aspects of cognition decline from middle to late adulthood, but the dimensionality and generality of this decline have rarely been examined. We analyzed 20-year longitudinal data of 6203 middle-aged to very old adults from Greater Manchester and Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK. Participants were assessed up to eight times on 20 tasks of fluid intelligence, perceptual speed, memory, and vocabulary. We controlled for potential effects due to retest, city, sex, and socio-economic class. Average performance in all tasks declined with age, and individual differences in decline were present for all but one memory and two vocabulary tasks. Half of the variance in level of performance was shared across tasks. This proportion increased to 66% for individual differences in change. General level of performance and change therein correlated positively. We conclude that cognitive decline is heterogeneous across individuals and rather general at the within-individual level. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom