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ERIC Number: EJ938003
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0030-9230
Assimilation and Segregation of Imperial Subjects: "Educating" the Colonised during the 1910-1945 Japanese Colonial Rule of Korea
Pak, Soon-Yong; Hwang, Keumjoong
Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, v47 n3 p377-397 2011
This study looks at how education policies in colonial Korea changed over time in order to accommodate the needs of the colonial authorities during the period of Japanese colonial rule in Korea (1910-1945). The colonial experience can be divided into four different periods according to the four Educational Ordinances issued in 1911, 1922, 1938, and 1943 by the colonial government with each period corresponding to a historic event or context. The constitutive relevance of colonial discourse for an understanding of education can be found in the gradual transformation of the education sector in Korea under colonial rule. It is evident that Japanese colonial policy was inherently contradictory in principle and in practice. On the one hand it sought the assimilation of the Koreans, while on the other it maintained its discriminatory and exploitative practices. Such contradiction was obvious within the colonial education system. As the principal instrument of assimilation, education was regarded as the primary means to subordinate the ethnic identity of the colonised and to transform them into loyal imperial subjects. An overview of the four different periods relevant to the changing circumstances to which the education sector responded reveals the social-historical implications of the instrumentality of colonial education. (Contains 65 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan; South Korea