ERIC Number: EJ929337
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
John Dewey on Listening and Friendship in School and Society
Waks, Leonard J.
Educational Theory, v61 n2 p191-205 Apr 2011
In this essay, Leonard Waks examines John Dewey's account of listening, drawing on Dewey's writings to establish a direct connection in his work between listening and democracy. Waks devotes the first part of the essay to explaining Dewey's distinction between one-way or straight-line listening and transactional listening-in-conversation, and to demonstrating the close connection between transactional listening and what Dewey called "cooperative friendship." In the second part of the essay, Waks establishes the further link between Dewey's notions of cooperative friendship and democratic society with particular reference to machine-age technologies of mass communication. He maintains that while these technologies provide the means for extending communications throughout modern industrial nations, they simultaneously undermine the conditions fostering face-to-face listening-in-conversation. It remains an open question, Waks concludes, whether new educational arrangements incorporating interactive digital communication technologies will embody and promote transactional listening-in-conversation and revitalized democratic community.
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Democracy, Listening, Friendship, Relationship, Mass Media, Synchronous Communication, Proximity, Computer Mediated Communication
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
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