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ERIC Number: EJ902644
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
ISSN: ISSN-0256-2928
Uses and Abuses of Statistical Significance Tests and Other Statistical Resources: A Comparative Study
Monterde-i-Bort, Hector; Frias-Navarro, Dolores; Pascual-Llobell, Juan
European Journal of Psychology of Education, v25 n4 p429-447 Dec 2010
The empirical study we present here deals with a pedagogical issue that has not been thoroughly explored up until now in our field. Previous empirical studies in other sectors have identified the opinions of researchers about this topic, showing that completely unacceptable interpretations have been made of significance tests and other statistical resources. We tried to show the degree to which these errors of interpretation appear in a sample of university professors and researchers. To evaluate the beliefs and opinions of the university professors about certain methodological and statistical questions, we adapted the "Psychometrics Group Instrument" questionnaire by Mittag (1999) and Mittag and Thompson ("Educational Researcher" 29:14-20, 2000). We specifically wanted to detect opinions about: (1) avoiding inappropriate interpretations, (2) rectifying incorrect uses, (3) creating a debate on possible alternatives, and (4) proposing editorial changes in the publication criteria. In this study, we compare the results we obtained with those obtained by two other equivalent studies (Gordon, "Journal of Vocational Educational Research" 26:1-18, 2001; Mittag and Thompson, "Educational Researcher" 29:14-20, 2000). The characteristics of the sample and the scope of the results are described, and a critical reflection is carried out on typical misunderstandings in interpretation that show a worrisome lack of understanding of some basic methodological and statistical concepts. (Contains 9 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain; United States