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ERIC Number: EJ890018
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Sep
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
ISSN: ISSN-0190-2725
Gendered Patterns in Adolescents' School Attachment
Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick; Crosnoe, Robert; Thaden, Lyssa L.
Social Psychology Quarterly, v69 n3 p284-295 Sep 2006
A substantial literature documents a gender reversal in many aspects of social psychological functioning during adolescence, in which girls fall below boys in domains in which they once enjoyed advantages. This study elaborates upon recent research from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health suggesting that this phenomenon may occur in school attachment, an aspect of educational adjustment. Our analysis of grade 7 through 12 students revealed a gender reversal in school attachment only among whites; although gender differences at each grade level were quite small, the larger differences among girls produced the reversal pattern. Self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and relationships with parents appear to be key factors tied to this reversal but ultimately do not account for grade level differences among girls. We also found that the paradoxical coupling of girls' higher achievement with lower attachment in the upper grades resulted from a weaker association between attachment and achievement among girls than among boys, especially in the upper grades. (Contains 1 figure, 2 tables and 9 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health