ERIC Number: EJ881655
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Influence of Cognitive Development and Perceived Racial Discrimination on the Psychological Well-Being of African American Youth
Seaton, Eleanor K.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v39 n6 p694-703 Jun 2010
The present study examined the influence of cognitive development in the relationship between multiple types of racial discrimination and psychological well-being. A sample of 322 African American adolescents (53% female), aged 13-18, completed measures of cognitive development, racial discrimination, self-esteem and depressive symptoms. Based on the cognitive development measure, youth were categorized as having pre-formal or formal reasoning abilities. The results indicate no significant differences in perceptions of individual, cultural or collective/institutional racism between pre-formal reasoning and formal reasoning adolescents. However, the results do suggest that perceptions of collective/institutional racism were more harmful for the self-esteem of pre-formal reasoning youth than the self-esteem of formal reasoning youth. The implications for the racial discrimination literature among African American adolescents are discussed.
Descriptors: Racial Discrimination, Adolescents, Psychology, Depression (Psychology), Thinking Skills, Cognitive Development, African Americans, Well Being, Measures (Individuals), Self Esteem, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A