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ERIC Number: EJ845232
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
ISSN: ISSN-0023-8309
Measuring Syntactic Complexity in Spontaneous Spoken Swedish
Roll, Mikael; Frid, Johan; Horne, Merle
Language and Speech, v50 n2 p227-245 2007
Hesitation disfluencies after phonetically prominent stranded function words are thought to reflect the cognitive coding of complex structures. Speech fragments following the Swedish function word "att" "that" were analyzed syntactically, and divided into two groups: one with "att" in disfluent contexts, and the other with "att" in fluent contexts. Complexity was calculated in terms of a number of measures related to syntactic tree structures produced by the analysis tool GRAMMAL. Results showed that disfluent "att" is in general associated with significantly higher mean complexity values than fluent "att." This information can be used to predict whether the function word at the beginning of a fragment is likely to be disfluent or not. Two kinds of statistical classification algorithms (Bayesian and neural networks) were used to test this hypothesis. The best result was 71% correctly classified cases, which is significantly better than a system that is based on selecting the data's majority class. (Contains 4 figures, 4 tables, and 2 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A