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ERIC Number: EJ434429
Record Type: CIJE
Publication Date: 1991
Pages: N/A
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0031-7217
The Implications of Testing Policy for Quality and Equality.
Darling-Hammond, Linda
Phi Delta Kappan, v73 n3 p220-25 Nov 1991
American testing is primarily controlled by commercial publishers and nonschool agencies that produce norm-referenced, multiple-choice instruments designed to rank students cheaply and efficiently. Such tests are not intended to support instruction. Test scores tied to tracking, grade retention, graduation requirements, and rewards and sanctions can severely limit students' learning opportunities. (26 references) (MLH)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A