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ERIC Number: EJ1172548
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Feb
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1072-4303
A Cross-Sectional Survey on Japanese English-Major University Students' Confidence in the TOEIC Can-Do List
Ozawa, Shinya
TESL-EJ, v21 n4 Feb 2018
This survey was conducted to investigate how university students gain or lose confidence in English communicative domains over four years at university. Self-assessment has been a useful instrument for measuring learners' English proficiency, and the students in this study were required to self-assess their confidence levels in TOEIC Can-Do list items. The results revealed a difference between first- and third-year students' levels of confidence in the Reading domain, but the effect size was small. In the other communicative domains, there was no significant gain in confidence over the four years. Frustratingly, there was a decline in confidence from the third to the fourth year. Even when the limitations of this survey are considered, the results clearly demonstrate that there is a need to improve the curriculum in order to develop student confidence over their four years at university.
TESL-EJ. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan; Europe
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English for International Communication
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A