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ERIC Number: EJ1103170
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Characteristics of US Students That Pursued a STEM Major and Factors That Predicted Their Persistence in Degree Completion
Mau, Wei-Cheng J.
Universal Journal of Educational Research, v4 n6 p1495-1500 2016
Low participation and completion rates in the science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) careers are a world-wide concern. This study tracked American college students over a 5-year period and identifies factors that lead to choosing a STEM major and in turn successfully earning a STEM degree. Characteristics of female and minority students who participated in the STEM pipeline during 2008-2013 were compared with their counterparts. Results show significant gender and racial differences in entering, completing, and persistence in the STEM pipeline. Female and minority students, except for Asian American students, were less likely than male or White students to declare a STEM major. Similarly, among those who completed a STEM major, a smaller percentage of female and minority students completed their degree in 5 years than their counterparts. White male students, high school GPA, college GPA, and first year college credit hours earned significantly predicted persistence in completion of a STEM major, whereas first time college students, transfer students, and students took remediation courses were less likely to persist. Implications for counseling interventions are discussed.
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, STEM Education, Majors (Students), Academic Persistence, College Students, Females, Minority Group Students, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Educational Attainment, Grade Point Average, Credits, Predictor Variables, College Freshmen, Transfer Students, Remedial Instruction, School Counseling, Regression (Statistics), Early Intervention, Student Recruitment, Disproportionate Representation, Statistical Analysis
Horizon Research Publishing. 506 North Garfield Avenue #210, Alhambra, CA 91801. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.hrpub.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A