ERIC Number: EJ1101136
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Children's Play and Culture Learning in an Egalitarian Foraging Society
Boyette, Adam H.
Child Development, v87 n3 p759-769 May-Jun 2016
Few systematic studies of play in foragers exist despite their significance for understanding the breadth of contexts for human development and the ontogeny of cultural learning. Forager societies lack complex social hierarchies, avenues for prestige or wealth accumulation, and formal educational institutions, and thereby represent a contrast to the contexts of most play research. Analysis of systematic observations of children's play among Aka forest foragers (n = 50, ages 4-16, M = 9.5) and Ngandu subsistence farmers (n = 48, ages 4-16, M = 9.1) collected in 2010 illustrates that while play and work trade off during development in both groups, and consistent patterns in sex-role development are evident, Aka children engage in significantly less rough-and-tumble play and competitive games than children among their socially stratified farming neighbors.
Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Play, Children, Adolescents, Agricultural Occupations, Sex Role, Competition, Social Influences, Foreign Countries, Child Development, Social Stratification, Comparative Analysis, Observation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa
Grant or Contract Numbers: DGE0549425