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ERIC Number: EJ1085649
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1059-308X
Parental Involvement as a Mediator of Academic Performance among Special Education Middle School Students
Flores de Apodaca, Roberto; Gentling, Dana G.; Steinhaus, Joanna K.; Rosenberg, Elena A.
School Community Journal, v25 n2 p35-54 2015
This study examined parental involvement as a mediator of the academic performance of middle school students with special needs. The study built on the different types of parental involvement theorized by Epstein and colleagues (2002) and studied empirically by Fan and Chen (2001). Using a specially developed questionnaire, a sample of 82 parents (representing all children enrolled in a special education program in a charter middle school in a diverse, urban environment) reported on the nature and extent of their involvement in their children's schoolwork. These ratings were then compared with their children's actual grades in four core classes over the course of the academic year. Echoing earlier findings with general population students, a significant relationship was found between parental expectations and overall GPA. Since Resource Room students had significantly lower grades than Special Day students (those in a self-contained, noninclusive classroom), parental communication and general involvement were negatively associated with academic performance in this sample, as had been the case earlier with similar groups of struggling students. Findings revealed a more complex relationship between parental involvement and academic achievement for special education students. These outcomes suggest that parental involvement with other student groups, grade levels, disabilities, and strengths may also be associated differently with other aspects of parental involvement and merit further study.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A