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ERIC Number: EJ1072981
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1932-5037
The Salutogenic Wellness Promotion Scale for Older Adults
Becker, Craig M.; Chaney, Beth H.; Shores, Kindal; Glascoff, Mary
American Journal of Health Education, v46 n5 p293-300 2015
Background: From 1990 to 2050, the population aged 60 years and older will rise from 9% to 21%. Healthy aging initiatives are vital to promote individual, community, and global well-being during this transformation. Accurate health measurement tools are needed to successfully guide strategies and plot progress. The validated multi-dimensional Salutogenic Wellness Promotion Scale (SWPS) measures health and has demonstrated that increased engagement in measured health-promoting behaviors relates to improved health, higher life satisfaction, and fewer problems. Methods: To extend existing work to the growing older adult population, an older adult version of the SWPS(-OA), a perceived health assessment, satisfaction with life survey (SWLS), and a depression scale (Center for Epidemiological Studies--Depression, CES-D) were pilot tested with 6 groups (N = 218) of older adults. Results: Data produced a Cronbach's alpha of 0.933, significant positive correlations between the SWPS-OA and health (r = 0.955, n = 218, P < 000) and with life satisfaction (r = 0.715, n = 218, P < 000) and a significant negative correlation between SWPS-OA and depression (r = - 0.867, n = 218, P < 000). Discussion: This pilot test suggests that the SWPS-OA holds promise as a psychometrically sound tool to assess, evaluate, and promote older adults' health. Translation to Health Education Practice: Using the SWPS-OA to assess and evaluate lifestyles of older adults can help health professionals develop a plan to improve health and quality of life of older adults which research has shown also helps prevent and avoid problems such as chronic diseases.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A