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ERIC Number: EJ1050365
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
A Longitudinal Examination of 10-Year Change in Vocational and Educational Activities for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Taylor, Julie Lounds; Mailick, Marsha R.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n3 p699-708 Mar 2014
The transition from adolescence to adulthood has been shown to be a time of amplified risk for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). It is unknown, however, whether problems in educational attainment and employment in the years after high school exit represent momentary perturbations in development or a turning point with long-lasting effects throughout adulthood. The present study addressed this question by examining 10-year trajectories of vocational and educational activities for adults with ASD, as well as the personal characteristics and environmental resources that predicted these activities. Participants were 161 adults with ASD (ages 18-52 years at the start of the study; M = 30.9) who were part of a larger longitudinal study. Data were collected at 6 time points over a 10-year period. Results indicated significant declines in the level of independence and engagement in vocational/educational activities over the study period, particularly for women. Greater independence in vocational activities was found for those with more independence in activities of daily living. After controlling for personal characteristics, receipt of more services was marginally related to greater improvement in vocational independence.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute on Aging (DHHS/NIH); National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Center for Research Resources (NIH/DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts; Wisconsin
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Scales of Independent Behavior
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 AG08768; K01 MH92598; P30 HD15052; P30 HD03352; 1 UL1 RR024975