ERIC Number: EJ1050332
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 69
Associations among Negative Parenting, Attention Bias to Anger, and Social Anxiety among Youth
Gulley, Lauren D.; Oppenheimer, Caroline W.; Hankin, Benjamin L.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n2 p577-585 Feb 2014
Theories of affective learning suggest that early experiences contribute to emotional disorders by influencing the development of processing biases for negative emotional stimuli. Although studies have shown that physically abused children preferentially attend to angry faces, it is unclear whether youth exposed to more typical aspects of negative parenting exhibit the same type of bias. The current studies extend previous research by linking observed negative parenting styles (e.g., authoritarian) and behaviors (e.g., criticism and negative affect) to attention bias for angry faces in both a psychiatrically enriched (ages 11-17 years; N = 60) and a general community (ages 9-15 years; N = 75) sample of youth. In addition, the association between observed negative parenting (e.g., authoritarian style and negative affect) and youth social anxiety was mediated by attention bias for angry faces in the general community sample. Overall, findings provide preliminary support for theories of affective learning and risk for psychopathology among youth.
Descriptors: Correlation, Parenting Styles, Criticism, Parent Child Relationship, Psychological Patterns, Anxiety Disorders, Affective Behavior, Learning Theories, Psychopathology, Psychiatry, Risk, Emotional Disturbances, Children, Adolescents, Predictor Variables
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: 5R01 MH077195