ERIC Number: EJ1042979
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
Longitudinal Follow-up of Factors Associated with Food Selectivity in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Suarez, Michelle A.; Nelson, Nickola W.; Curtis, Amy B.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v18 n8 p924-932 Nov 2014
The objective of this study was to examine food selectivity in children with autism spectrum disorders longitudinally. Additionally explored were the stability of the relationship between food selectivity and sensory over-responsivity from time 1 to time 2 and the association between food selectivity and restricted and repetitive behavior at time 2. A total of 52 parents of children with autism were surveyed approximately 20 months after completing an initial questionnaire. First and second surveys each contained identical parent-response item to categorize food selectivity level and a scale to measure sensory over-responsivity. A new scale to measure restricted and repetitive behaviors was added at time 2. Results comparing time 1 to time 2 indicated no change in food selectivity level and a stable, significant relationship between food selectivity and sensory over-responsivity. The measure of restrictive and repetitive behavior (time 2) was found to significantly predict membership in the severe food selectivity group. However, when sensory over-responsivity and both restricted and repetitive behaviors were included in the regression model, only sensory over-responsivity significantly predicted severe food selectivity. These results support conclusions about the chronicity of food selectivity in young children with autism and the consistent relationship between food selectivity and sensory over-responsivity.
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation, Food, Eating Habits, Responses, Sensory Experience, Perceptual Impairments, Surveys, Questionnaires, Parents, Behavior Problems, Comparative Analysis, Predictor Variables, Statistical Analysis, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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