ERIC Number: EJ1027618
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 149
Top 10 Research Questions Related to Growth and Maturation of Relevance to Physical Activity, Performance, and Fitness
Malina, Robert M.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v85 n2 p157-173 2014
Growth, maturation, and development dominate the daily lives of children and adolescents for approximately the first 2 decades of life. Growth and maturation are biological processes, while development is largely a behavioral process. The 3 processes occur simultaneously and interact. They can be influenced by physical activity and also can influence activity, performance, and fitness. Allowing for these potential interactions, 10 questions on growth and maturation that have relevance to physical activity, performance, and fitness are presented. The questions are not mutually exclusive and address several broadly defined topical areas: exercise and growth, body weight status (body mass index, adiposity rebound, "unhealthy weight gain"), movement proficiency (hypothesized barrier, role in obesity), individual differences, tracking, maturity-associated variation in performance, and corresponding variation in physical activity. Central to the discussion of each is the need for a biocultural approach recognizing the interactions of biology and behavior as potential influences on the variables of interest.
Descriptors: Body Composition, Motor Development, Competence, Individual Development, Children, Adolescents, Physical Activities, Body Weight, Maturity (Individuals), Biological Influences, Behavior, Body Height, Correlation, Obesity, Physical Activity Level, Individual Differences, Physical Fitness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A