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ERIC Number: EJ1020176
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Technological Literacy for All: A Course Designed to Raise the Technological Literacy of College Students
Baskette, Kimberly G.; Fantz, Todd D.
Journal of Technology Education, v25 n1 p2-19 Fall 2013
Understanding what technology is, and is not, is the first step in becoming technologically literate. One should also understand how technology is created, how it works, how it shapes society, and how society shapes technology. This study was designed to gauge the ability of a single-semester course to raise students' technological literacy as well as gains in student perceptions of the importance of technology education in the K-12 curriculum. The STEM 110T course, "Technology and Your World," was developed through the Department of Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Professional Studies as part of Old Dominion University's (ODU), VA, USA, Lower Division General Education requirement. The purpose of this study was to verify that the STEM 110T course is developing technological competencies outlined by the "Standards for Technological Literacy." A pre-post survey study was conducted during the spring 2012 semester at ODU to assess gains in the technological literacy of students enrolled in the STEM 110T course. At the beginning of the spring 2012 semester, a total of 287 students were enrolled in the STEM 110T course. To ensure a high return rate, surveying took place in each of the STEM 110T classes during the first and last weeks of the semester. The survey instrument used in this study asked perception questions instead of knowledge questions. In total, 230 pre-surveys were completed and returned at the start of the semester and 204 post-surveys at the end, giving return rates of 93% and 84%, respectively. A paired samples t-test was run on the mean scores from the Likert scale questions to determine if there were significant differences between the STEM 110T students' pre- and post-survey responses. Questions in the survey directed at assessing the students' concept of technology showed that completing the STEM 110T course was positively correlated with their concept of technology. The results from this study may aid other institutions interested in developing courses that are specifically designed to raise technological literacy. Efforts should be made to include content that emphasizes the global impact of technological literacy and the need to understand how it was developed, how it works, and how it shapes society and individuals.
Descriptors: Technological Literacy, College Students, Technology Education, Student Surveys, Likert Scales, Student Attitudes, Influence of Technology, Student Interests, Educational Technology, Correlation, Attitude Change, STEM Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Course Evaluation
Journal of Technology Education. Web site: http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JTE
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Virginia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A