ERIC Number: ED560245
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
Catching up to College and Career Readiness in Arkansas. ACT Research Report Series. 2014 (3)
Dougherty, Chrys; Hiserote, Linda; Shaw, Teresa
This report focuses on the extent to which students who are academically far off track in fourth or eighth grade in Arkansas catch up by eighth or eleventh and twelfth grades. We studied two recent cohorts of Arkansas students whose eighth-grade ACT Explore® scores were more than one standard deviation below the ACT Explore Benchmark scores associated with being on track. We found that 9% or fewer of the students who were far off track in eighth grade attained the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks® by eleventh or twelfth grade. We did a similar analysis for two cohorts of students beginning in fourth grade, using scores on the Arkansas Benchmark Exams in literacy and mathematics in grade four and ACT Explore scores in reading and mathematics in grade eight. In this analysis, the percentage of far-off-track fourth-grade students who attained the ACT Explore Benchmark scores in grade eight ranged from 4% in mathematics to 6% in reading. We also found that students from at-risk groups--those who are low-income, African American, Hispanic, English language learners, or in special education--had lower catching up rates than their more advantaged peers. These results are of special concern because a large percentage of students from those groups are far off track in fourth and eighth grade. These findings should underscore the importance of policies and practices that focus on getting students off to a good start in the early grades. These practices are especially important for disadvantaged students. Ongoing research should identify practices that help to accomplish this goal, and state and local policy should support efforts to disseminate and implement those practices. Appended are: (1) Narrowing of Scale Score Gaps in Grades 8-12; and (2) Results by Income, Ethnicity, and Gender.
Descriptors: College Readiness, Career Readiness, Cohort Analysis, Scores, Benchmarking, At Risk Students, Grade 4, Grade 8, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gains, Low Income Groups, Minority Group Students, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, English Language Learners, Special Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Achievement Gap, College Entrance Examinations
ACT, Inc. 500 ACT Drive, P.O. Box 168, Iowa City, IA 52243-0168. Tel: 319-337-1270; Web site: http://www.act.org
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: ACT, Inc.
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment