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ERIC Number: ED532820
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 160
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1094-6699-7
The Perceived Effectiveness of Brief Therapy at a University Counseling Center: The Relationship among Working Alliance, Readiness to Change, and Client Symptom Severity
Mahon, Megan M.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Toledo
A sample of university counseling center students was investigated to determine whether student clients who attended short term individual counseling at a university counseling center show progress as evidenced by perceived client and counselor outcomes, and to explore how client motivation to change and working alliance affected counseling effectiveness in this setting. Clients and counselors at a large, metropolitan, Midwestern university's counseling center were recruited to participate in this study. Counseling outcomes and factors related to counseling outcomes were measured by the Schwartz Outcome Scale (SOS-10; Blais, Lenderkind, Baer, deLorell, Peets, Leahy & Burns, 1999), a seven-day Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association ["DSM-IV-TR"], 2000), the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA; McConnaughy, Prochaska, & Velicer, 1983), and the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI; Horvath & Greenberg, 1989). Data were collected over the course of five weeks. Participants who completed at least three weeks of therapy and completed all corresponding measures were included in the study. 22 individuals agreed to participate in this research. Of the 22 individuals who started the study, a total of 7 completed the study as determined by having attended a minimum of three counseling sessions and having filled out the instruments each time. Eight (72.7%) out of eleven counselors agreed to participate in this study and completed the IRB training prior to the start of the project. The conclusions from this research are that both counselor and client reports reflect statistically significant change in client symptom severity after three counseling sessions; however when working alliance and readiness to change are factored out, there is no statistically significant change in these reports. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Working Alliance Inventory