ERIC Number: ED477794
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Public Assistance Use among U.S.-Born Children of Immigrants. Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study. Working Paper.
Fomby, Paula; Cherlin, Andrew J.
U.S.-born children of immigrants may be less likely to receive some social services than are children of native-born immigrants, if foreign-born parents who are themselves ineligible are less likely to apply on their children's behalf. Researchers used retrospective data from a sample of about 2,400 low-income, predominantly Hispanic households in three U.S. cities to determine whether children with foreign-born caregivers were less likely than children with native-born caregivers to receive benefits from any of five programs over a 2-year period: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Security Income, Food Stamps, Medicaid, and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children. The most significant disparities between children of citizen and noncitizen caregivers were in TANF and Food Stamp use. Overall, the gap in service usage between children with U.S.-born caregivers and foreign-born caregivers varied from program to program and depended, in part, on immigrant citizenship status, in addition to nativity status. (Contains 33 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Citizenship, Hispanic Americans, Immigrants, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Social Services, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
Welfare, Children, and Families Study, Johns Hopkins University, 3003 North Charles Street/Annex, Suite 300, Baltimore, MD 21218-3855. Tel: 410-516-8920; Fax: 410-516-0601; e-mail: Welfare@jhu.edu; Web site: http://www.jhu.edu/~welfare.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Social Security Administration (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, Flint, MI.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Woods Fund of Chicago, IL.; Texas Univ., Austin. Hogg Foundation for Mental Health.; Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; Boston Foundation, MA.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families