ERIC Number: ED468567
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Jul
The Religious Factor in Private Education. Occasional Paper.
Cohen-Zada, Danny; Justman, Moshe
This paper quantifies the religious factor in education demand by calibrating a political economy model of education finance and school choice in which parents who differ in the advantage they attribute to religious education choose from among public, private-nonsectarian, and religious schools. The calibrated distribution of religious preferences indicates that the revealed advantage of religious education is strongly contingent on its high levels of subsidization. The results of the calibration are applied to compare the effect of publicly funded vouchers that do not exclude religious schools--to which the Supreme Court recently opened a door in Zelman v. Simmons-Harris--with vouchers restricted to nonsectarian schools. It supports the implicit conclusion of the Supreme Court, that participation of religious schools in the Cleveland voucher program was essential for achieving its goal of helping low-income parents in a failing school district. Larger vouchers would have reduced the share of religious schools in the program, though they would still have attracted a majority of students. (Contains 40 references, 44 endnotes, 8 tables, and 4 figures.) (Author/SM)
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Low Income Groups, Private Education, Public Education, Religion, Religious Education
National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, Box 181, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 W. 120th Street, New York, NY 10027. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www. ncspe.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education.