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ERIC Number: ED448365
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-May
Pages: 126
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Programmed Writing as a Therapeutic Intervention: A Review of the Literature.
Bibby, Robert Christopher
Traumatic life events are stressful and when coupled with decreased emotional expression they can have deleterious effects on a person's psychological and physical health. The empirical literature on programmed assignments, specifically Programmed Writing (PW) as a therapeutic intervention, was examined for its potential as a means to facilitate emotional expression and to improve health. The majority of the PW assignments focused on the emotional and cognitive aspects of a past or current trauma using one-to-four sessions. Overall, PW was found to be a cost- and time-effective intervention that may produce significant results in the overall functioning of clinical populations. It has resulted in improved functioning in the areas of affect; cognition; physiology; and behavior. PW assignments that encouraged development, implementation, and review of coping strategies proved most effective in improving functioning. Personality type was also a strong predictor on the effects of a PW assignment. Individuals who disclosed a high amount of material demonstrated stronger immune responses than individuals who disclosed a moderate amount of material. PW may be particularly helpful to populations that have experienced specific traumas and have insufficient coping skills to make their experiences manageable. (Contains 63 references.) (Author/JDM)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A