ERIC Number: ED410233
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires. ERIC/AE Digest.
Frary, Robert B.
This digest offers tips on designing questionnaires and on avoiding common design errors. The following useful suggestions are offered: (1) keep the questionnaire brief and concise; (2) get feedback on the initial list of questions developed; (3) locate personal or confidential questions at the end of the questionnaire; (4) put categories in order; (5) consider combining categories; (6) ask responders to rate both positive and negative stimuli; (7) choose appropriate response category language and logic; (8) avoid open-ended questions; (9) avoid the response option "other"; (10) avoid category proliferation; (11) avoid scale point proliferation; (12) avoid responses at the scale mid-point and neutral responses; and (13) avoid asking responders to rank responses. Carefully evaluating every question and its response choices will yield more meaningful information. (Contains four references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Questionnaires, Research Design, Research Methodology, Responses, Scaling, Test Construction, Test Format
ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation, 210 O'Boyle Hall, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064; toll free telephone: 800-464-3742.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation, Washington, DC.