ERIC Number: ED358321
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
The New Crafts: The Rise of the Technical Labor Force and Its Implication for the Organization of Work. EQW Working Papers.
Barley, Stephen R.
Over the past 4 decades, the number of professional and technical workers has increased by 282 percent, and economic forecasts indicate that this trend of rapid growth will increase. The bureaucratization of the professions, expansion and application of scientific knowledge, and technological change have all fueled a "technization" of the work force. The trend toward an increasingly technical work force has not only necessitated a better educated work force but has challenged the ways in which the work force and workplace are currently conceptualized and organized. The vertical division of labor that has become increasingly dominant in Western society since the beginning of the 19th century is showing signs of strain because technical occupations (referred to as the "new crafts") are becoming increasingly analytic and are requiring ever-increasing amounts of specialized education. In view of these changes, researchers associated with the Program on Technology and Work at Cornell's School of Industrial and Labor Relations have undertaken a 5-year program to build a comparative database to facilitate the development of a grounded theory of technical work. (Contains 96 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Economic Change, Economic Research, Employment Patterns, Futures (of Society), Labor Force Development, Labor Market, Occupational Surveys, Organizational Change, Professional Occupations, Research Needs, Research Projects, Social Change, Technical Occupations, Technological Advancement
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce, Philadelphia, PA.