ERIC Number: ED323065
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Making the Best of Two Worlds: An Anthropological Approach to the Development of Bilingual Education Materials in Southwestern Alaska.
For the Yupik Eskimos of southwestern Alaska, a primary goal of bilingual-bicultural education is to forge a society that represents the "best of two worlds." While this is an expressed ideal, educational programs have focused on first and second language learning and have not dealt with the relationship between Yupik and non-Yupik cultures or with the concept of culture change. This thesis describes a secondary-level bilingual-bicultural program designed by an anthropologist to address such issues. Background information is provided on Yupik culture and language and on the history of bilingual education in the region. The results of a survey of parent, teacher, student, and administrator opinions of bilingual education are summarized. The collaboration of the ethnographer with Native teachers in the development of instructional materials and methods is discussed. The paper discusses in detail the program projects that guide students to examine personal values in light of Yupik tradition and current social, economic, and political conditions. These projects include: (1) student interviews with community members; (2) radio broadcasts in Yupik by students; (3) two projects demonstrating the effects of technological change on culture; (4) a board game focusing on historical and contemporary aspects of subsistence; (5) a "card" game teaching Yupik kinship terminology and roles; and (6) development and publication of a Yupik language book on traditional religion and ceremonies. This thesis contains 96 references. Appendices contain notes on Yupik language terminology, spelling, and pronunciation. (SV)
Descriptors: Alaska Natives, Anthropology, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Bilingual Instructional Materials, Cultural Background, Cultural Education, Cultural Interrelationships, Eskimos, Material Development, Multicultural Education, Native Language Instruction, Program Development, Secondary Education, Yupik
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Alaska