ERIC Number: ED306502
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Factors Affecting the Misperception of Friendliness Cues in Initial Interactions.
Harnish, Richard J.; And Others
Some researchers have found men to attribute more sexual meaning to heterosexual interactions than do women. This study was conducted to examine factors which may enhance or diminish this gender difference on perceptions of sexual intent by considering the three variables of physical attractiveness of target, similarity of target's personality to his or her partner's personality, and whether the respondent was a high or low self-monitor. Male (N=94) and female (N=94) undergraduates were grouped in mixed-sex pairs and discussed their likes and dislikes about college life. Subjects then rated their partners on a set of sexuality trait adjectives. The results revealed that males perceived their female partners as more seductive, sexy, and promiscuous than females perceived their male partners. Both males and females perceived highly physically attractive people in more sexual terms than they did those who were of average or below average physical attractiveness. In addition, both genders attributed more sexuality to partners perceived as possessing a personality very similar to their own. While these results do not help predict which individuals are more likely to misperceive others, they do help predict who is most likely to be misperceived. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (60th, Boston, MA, March 30-April 2, 1989).