ERIC Number: ED274888
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug-26
Reference Count: 0
Using Multidimensional Scaling to Explore Value Issues in Counseling.
Richards, P. Scott; Davison, Mark L.
It is widely agreed that counselors' and clients' values influence every phase of psychotherapy. A preliminary appraisal of the usefulness of multidimensional scaling (MDS) for investigating the effects of values on counseling process and outcome was done. MDS was used to investigate how theistic or atheistic values of a counselor, when revealed, influenced 49 religious psychotherapy clients' and 51 religious leaders' trust of the counselor. Clients were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) in Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota, receiving psychotherapy at a Mormon counseling clinic. The non-client subjects were not receiving counseling at the clinic and were serving in non-paid leadership positions in local congregations of the Mormon church. The analysis revealed that: (1) values of atheistic counselors inspired client distrust; (2) a counselor who believed in God inspired the most client trust while a counselor who didn't believe in God inspired the most distrust; (3) client trust was not one-dimensional, there appeared to be both orthodox and unorthodox trust dimensions; and (4) religious leaders were more orthodox in their trust, or more theistically oriented in their values, than were the clients. MDS might be used to investigate other current value issues in counseling. This preliminary appraisal of MDS suggests that it has potential as a methodological tool in this research area. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (94th, Washington, DC, August 22-26, 1986).