ERIC Number: ED274882
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Fathers' Social Support among Children of Divorce.
Wolchik, Sharlene A.; And Others
The role of the social network in adjustment takes on greater significance during the aftermath of divorce because of the many changes these networks undergo as a result of divorce. For most children of divorce, the father-child relationship changes dramatically and thus transactions within this relationship may be particularly impactful. This study examined the type of support children who reside primarily with their mothers received from fathers. Subjects (n=110) were children whose parents had divorced within the past 30 months. Children reported on the social support and interparental conflict they had experienced during the 3 months prior to the interview. Five categories of supportive transactions were measured: recreation, advice, goods and services, emotional support, and positive feedback. The results revealed that fathers played a relatively minor role in children's support networks. One-sixth of the children did not list fathers as providing any support. Forty percent had not received advice from fathers and most fathers had not provided emotional support. Mothers had provided significantly more support than fathers. Fathers' support was correlated positively with children's self-esteem. Provision of goods and services and positive feedback were especially important types of support. Higher levels of interparental conflict were significantly associated with children's symptomatology of depression, hostility, and anxiety. Enhancing the father-child relationship and diminishing acrimony between the divorcing couple might be important components of intervention programs. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (94th, Washington, DC, August 22-26, 1986).