ERIC Number: ED265518
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The Graphic Climate in History Class: The Perceptions of Seventh and Eleventh Graders.
Friedman, Lawrence B.; Tinzmann, Margaret B.
A study was conducted to develop a questionnaire for gauging student perceptions of the graphic climate (the extent to which students habitually use and construct appropriate graphics during the reading and studying process) in middle and high school history classes. The questionnaire was a 4-point Likert scale consisting of 18 questions, five of which had more than one part, giving a total of 31 items. The questionnaire required students to discriminate among the various kinds of graphics (maps, illustrations, charts and flow charts, graphs, and cartoons) and to know that the word "graphics" referred to all of these. The questionnaire was administered to 176 seventh graders and 205 eleventh graders. The questionnaire proved to be reliable and easily administered and analyzed. However, it lacked content validity. In other words the students did not perceive the content of the questionnaire as a whole. Nevertheless, the data did suggest that the categories of questions were content valid. They included (1) the use and construction of graphics, (2) the comprehension of graphics, (3) the value of using and constructing graphics, (4) the value of textbook graphics, and (5) the value of learning more about graphics. Two tables and five figures are appended.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (35th, San Diego, CA, December 3-7, 1985).