ERIC Number: ED237583
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level: 1981. Consumer Income. Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 138.
Bureau of the Census (DOC), Suitland, MD. Population Div.
This report presents detailed social and economic statistics, based upon the Current Population Survey of March 1982, for the United States population below the poverty level in 1981. Poverty data are cross-classified by such characteristics as race, family relationship, type of residence, work experience, and type of income received. Between 1980 and 1981, the number of persons below the poverty level rose from 29.6 million to 31.8 million, and the poverty rate rose from 13.2 to 14.0 percent. Among the factors contributing to this increase were the recession that began in 1981 and a 10.4 percent increase in consumer prices during the year. The data show that poverty increased (1) among both blacks and whites; (2) among children; (3) in all major geographical areas; (4) at a higher rate in central cities than in other parts of metropolitan areas; (5) in the South and in the three other regions combined; (6) among nonfarm residents; (7) among families; (8) among married people and female-headed families; and (9) among unrelated individuals. Also, the data show that half of all families below the poverty level were maintained by women with no husband present. (CMG)
Descriptors: Blacks, Census Figures, Children, Demography, Economic Factors, Economically Disadvantaged, Family (Sociological Unit), Females, Heads of Households, Hispanic Americans, Males, Older Adults, Poverty, Poverty Areas, Rural Farm Residents, Statistical Analysis, Whites
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 ($7.00).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of the Census (DOC), Suitland, MD. Population Div.
Identifiers - Location: United States