ERIC Number: ED161834
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Flexner, Accreditation, and Evaluation. Research Series No. 5.
Floden, Robert E.
Accreditation, the process by which an organization grants approval to an educational institution, is the central issue in several current debates among educators. Although a variety of issues figure in these debates, the major disagreements revolve around three questions: How should the accreditation procedures be determined? Who should participate in the accreditation process? What are the effects of accreditation? The standards and techniques for accreditation of schools of teacher education have been determined by committees, comprised mainly of professional educators and education associations. In the current study of accreditation methods, the work of Abraham Flexner is cited. Flexner, a layman, examined and evaluated medical schools in the early 1900's. Parallels are drawn between the methods he used (observation and common sense) and the evaluation processes of schools of education. Basic to the discussion of evaluation methods is whether or not a layman might be less biased in assessment than a professional in the field. Suggestion is made that accreditors might learn from Flexner and should abandon attempts to make accreditation procedures more "scientific," instead, turning control of the process over to laymen and devoting their energies to raising money for changes indicated by the resultant accreditation studies. (JD)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Accreditation (Institutions), Admission Criteria, Change Agents, Educational Finance, Evaluation Methods, Program Evaluation, Schools of Education, Teacher Education
Institute for Research on Teaching, College of Education, Michigan State University, 252 Erickson Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824 ($1.75)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Inst. for Research on Teaching.