ERIC Number: ED096053
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Belgium. [CME Country Reports].
Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). Documentation Center for Education in Europe.
From the end of World War II to 1964, immigration trends in Belgium were largely governed by the need to supply workers for the coal industry, which led to an influx of Italians, Greeks, Spaniards, Turks, and Morrocans. In 1971 there were approximately 200,000 foreign workers in Belgium; the majority of these were Italian. Relying heavily on foreign manpower, education is used to facilitate the integration of immigrants. Migrant children receive the same treatment as Belgian children; adult immigrants are given an opportunity to learn one of the 3 national languages -- Dutch, French, or German. Explanations are given for pre-school, compulsory, and senior secondary educational legislation, and for legislation from the creche to the end of secondary schooling (language use is determined by law -- the country is divided into 4 language regions; teaching shall be provided in the language of the region only). During compulsory schooling, there is a special accelerated French language course for migrant children; after compulsory schooling, there are special reduced-timetable classes to facilitate social adaptation of adolescents and adults who are already working. The Appendix gives an extract from the conclusions of the Liege Colloquy and its 5 proposals. (KM)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Adult Education, Federal Legislation, History, Immigrants, Labor Needs, Migrant Education, Migrant Workers, Multilingualism, Second Language Learning, Sociocultural Patterns, Vocational Education
Not available separately, see RC 008 093
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). Documentation Center for Education in Europe.
Identifiers - Location: Belgium