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ERIC Number: ED069999
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Fear of Success, Sex-Role Orientation of the Task, and Competitive Condition as Variables Affecting Women's Performance in Achievement-Oriented Situations.
Makosky, Vivian P.
It has been suggested that for women, success in competitive achievement situations may produce negative social sanctions, resulting in a motive to avoid success, which inhibits high performance in these situations. 120 college women, 60 exhibiting fear of success and 60 exhibiting no fear of success, based upon results of a projective measure, were subjects. Half of each group worked on a task described as masculine, and half performed the same task described, however, as feminine. In addition, part of each group competed against a man, part competed against a woman, and part worked alone. The results indicated that the current instrument for assessing the motive to avoid success is sex-role biased. Further, it was suggested that women perform best on tasks and against competitors who are preceived as compatible with their manifest sex-role orientation. Performance is depressed when these conditions are not met, due to the engagement of the motive to avoid success. (Author/BW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (44th, May 4-6, 1972, Cleveland, Ohio)