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Urick, Angela; Bowers, Alex J. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2014
Purpose: Effective styles of principal leadership can help address multiple issues in struggling schools, such as low student achievement and high rates of teacher attrition. Although the literature has nominated certain "idealized" leadership styles as being more or less effective, such as transformational, instructional, and shared…
Descriptors: Principals, Instructional Leadership, Leadership Styles, Administrator Effectiveness
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Bowers, Alex J.; Berland, Matthew – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2013
Historically, the relationship between student academic achievement and use of computers for fun and video gaming has been described from a multitude of perspectives, from positive, to negative, to neutral. However, recent research has indicated that computer use and video gaming may be positively associated with achievement, yet these studies…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, High School Students, Grade 10
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Bowers, Alex J.; Lee, Jooyoung – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2013
Purpose: Across the United States, a large percentage of school districts are in need of facility improvements to provide safe and adequate buildings to facilitate student learning. To finance new construction, school districts traditionally have put proposals before local voters to fund construction through issuing long-term bonds to finance…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Facilities, Bond Issues, Longitudinal Studies
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Bowers, Alex J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2011
Historically, teacher-assigned grades have been seen as unreliable subjective measures of academic knowledge, since grades and standardized tests have traditionally correlated at about the 0.5 to 0.6 level, and thus explain about 25-35% of each other. However, emerging literature indicates that grades may be a multidimensional assessment of both…
Descriptors: Grades (Scholastic), Standardized Tests, Reading Achievement, Multidimensional Scaling
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Bowers, Alex J.; Sprott, Ryan – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2012
A large percentage of the students who drop out of K-12 schools in the United States do so at the end of high school, at some point after grade 10. Yet little is known about the differences between types of students who drop out near the end of high school. The purpose of this study is to examine a typology of high school dropouts from a large…
Descriptors: Grade 10, Dropouts, Dropout Research, High School Students
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Bowers, Alex J.; Sprott, Ryan – Journal of Educational Research, 2012
Historically, students who fail to graduate from secondary school are considered as a single category of school dropouts. However, emerging literature indicates that there may be multiple subgroups of high school dropouts, termed a "dropout typology". The authors' purpose was to assess the extent to which a typology of dropouts was present in a…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Dropouts, Classification, High Schools
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Bowers, Alex J. – Journal of Educational Research, 2010
Studies of student risk of school dropout have shown that present predictors of at-risk status do not accurately identify a large percentage of students who eventually drop out. Through the analysis of the entire Grade 1-12 longitudinal cohort-based grading histories of the class of 2006 for two school districts in the United States, the author…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Dropouts, Graduation, At Risk Students
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Bowers, Alex J. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2010
Purpose: District effectiveness research (DER) is an emerging field concerned with identifying the organizational structures, administration, and leadership practices at the school district level that help districts find success with all of their students across the schools within the system. This work has mirrored much of the early school…
Descriptors: Research Design, Effective Schools Research, Site Selection, School Effectiveness
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Bowers, Alex J. – Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 2010
School personnel currently lack an effective method to pattern and visually interpret disaggregated achievement data collected on students as a means to help inform decision making. This study, through the examination of longitudinal K-12 teacher assigned grading histories for entire cohorts of students from a school district (n=188), demonstrates…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, School Districts, Grades (Scholastic)
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Urick, Angela; Bowers, Alex J. – Leadership and Policy in Schools, 2011
Using a nationally representative sample of public high schools (N = 439), we examined the extent to which the principal's perception of their influence over instruction, the evaluation of nonacademic related tasks as well as academic related tasks, and their relationship with the school district relates to their perception of academic climate…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, High Schools, School Districts, Educational Environment
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Bowers, Alex J.; Urick, Angela – Journal of Education Finance, 2011
The purpose of this study is to isolate the independent effects of high school facility quality on student achievement using a large, nationally representative U.S. database of student achievement and school facility quality. Prior research on linking school facility quality to student achievement has been mixed. Studies that relate overall…
Descriptors: Correlation, Educational Facilities Improvement, Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement
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Bowers, Alex J. – Journal of Educational Administration, 2009
Purpose: Much of the recent research on data-driven decision making in US schools has focused on standardized test scores while other forms of data in schools have gone largely unexamined as useful data, such as teacher-assigned grades. Based on the literature, the theory outlined in this paper is that grades, as data historically overlooked in…
Descriptors: Grades (Scholastic), Data, Decision Making, Standardized Tests
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Bowers, Alex J. – Leadership and Policy in Schools, 2008
This paper compares two celebrated studies--New York City Community School District 2 (Elmore & Burney, 1999), and "Good to Great" (Collins, 2001), which examined sustained success in American corporations--to the case of a single high-performing school district. The question of interest concerns how school districts achieve and maintain high…
Descriptors: School Districts, Educational Change, School Effectiveness, Organizational Development
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Nunez, Anne-Marie; Bowers, Alex J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
This study examined the student and high school contextual factors associated with high school students' enrollment in Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs). The authors drew on a conceptual framework of college choice involving the concepts of multiple capitals and individual and organizational habitus to examine the postsecondary trajectories of…
Descriptors: College Choice, High School Graduates, Longitudinal Studies, Student Educational Objectives
White, Bradford R.; Bowers, Alex J. – Illinois Education Research Council, 2011
This report, the fourth in an IERC series on public school principals in Illinois, summarizes recent research on the characteristics associated with principal effectiveness and examines Illinois data on the relationship between principal characteristics, student proficiency, and teacher qualifications. In order to investigate the relationships…
Descriptors: Teacher Qualifications, Academic Achievement, Principals, Educational Policy
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