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Swanson, H. Lee – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Cognitive strategies are important tools for children with math difficulties (MD) in learning to solve word problems. The effectiveness of strategy training, however, depends on working memory capacity (WMC). Thus, children with MD but with relatively higher WMC are more likely to benefit from strategy training, whereas children with lower WMC may…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Cognitive Processes, Learning Problems, Mathematics Instruction
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Swanson, H. Lee – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
This article reviews the results of a meta-analysis of the experimental published literature that compares the academic, cognitive, and behavioral performance of adults with reading disabilities (RD) with average achieving adult readers. The meta-analysis shows that deficits independent of the classification measures emerged for adults with RD on…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Word Recognition, Adults, Intelligence Quotient
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Swanson, H. Lee – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
A meta-analysis by Tran, Sanchez, Arellano, and Swanson (2011) of the published RTI literature found that the magnitude of effect size (ES) between responders and low responders at posttest was significantly moderated by the pretest ES and the type of dependent measure administered, whereas no significant moderating effects were found in the mixed…
Descriptors: Evidence, Intervention, Effect Size, Pretests Posttests
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Swanson, H. Lee – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2011
This longitudinal study assessed (a) whether performance changes in working memory (WM) as a function of dynamic testing were related to growth in reading comprehension and (b) whether WM performance among subgroups of children with reading disabilities (RD; children with RD only, children with both reading and arithmetic deficits, and low verbal…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Maintenance, Testing
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Swanson, H. Lee – Intelligence, 2011
This study examined whether children's growth on measures of fluid (Raven Colored Progressive Matrices) and crystallized (reading and math achievement) intelligence was attributable to domain-specific or domain-general functions of working memory (WM). A sample of 290 elementary school children was tested on measures of intelligence across three…
Descriptors: Intellectual Development, Elementary School Students, Short Term Memory, Intelligence Tests
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Swanson, H. Lee – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2011
The role of working memory (WM) in children's growth in mathematical problem solving was examined in a longitudinal study of children (N = 127). A battery of tests was administered that assessed problem solving, achievement, WM, and cognitive processing (inhibition, speed, phonological coding) in Grade 1 children, with follow-up testing in Grades…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Inhibition, Problem Solving, Short Term Memory
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Swanson, H. Lee; Lussier, Cathy; Orosco, Michael – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2013
This study investigated the role of strategy instruction and cognitive abilities on word problem solving accuracy in children with math difficulties (MD). Elementary school children (N = 120) with and without MD were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 conditions: general-heuristic (e.g., underline question sentence), visual-schematic presentation…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Cognitive Ability, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Skills
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Sisco-Taylor, Dennis; Fung, Wenson; Swanson, H. Lee – Assessment for Effective Intervention, 2015
This study examined whether curriculum-based measures (CBMs) of math word-problem contributed unique variance in predictions of performance on high-stakes tests, beyond the contribution of calculation and reading skills. CBMs were administered to a representative sample of 142 third-grade students at three time points. Results indicate that…
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Mathematics Tests
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Swanson, H. Lee; Lussier, Catherine M.; Orosco, Michael J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
This study investigated the role of strategy instruction and working memory capacity (WMC) on word problem solving accuracy in children with (n = 100) and without (n = 92) math difficulties (MD). Within classrooms, children in Grades 2 and 3 were randomly assigned to one of four treatment conditions: verbal-only strategies (e.g., underlining…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Learning Strategies, Short Term Memory, Problem Solving
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Jerman, Olga; Reynolds, Chandra; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2012
The present study investigated whether (a) growth patterns related to cognitive processing (working memory, updating, inhibition) differed in subgroups of children with reading disabilities (RD) and (b) growth in working memory (executive processing) predicted growth in other cognitive areas, such as reading and math. Seventy-three children (ages…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Inhibition, Short Term Memory, Decoding (Reading)
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Swanson, H. Lee; Moran, Amber; Lussier, Cathy; Fung, Wenson – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of explicit, direct, and generative strategy training and working memory capacity (WMC) on mathematical word problem-solving accuracy in elementary schoolchildren. In this study, children in third grade ("N" = 82) identified as at risk for math difficulties (MD) were randomly…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Lussier, Cathy M. – Exceptional Children, 2014
This study investigated the role of strategy instruction on solution accuracy in children with and without serious math difficulties (MD) in problem solving. Children's posttest solution accuracy was compared on standardized and experimental measures as a function of strategy conditions. Strategy conditions included curriculum materials that…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Problem Solving, Learning Problems
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Swanson, H. Lee – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2008
This study explored the contribution of the phonological and executive working memory (WM) systems to 205 (102 girls, 103 boys, 6 to 9 years old) elementary school children's fluid and crystallized intelligence. The results show that (a) a 3-factor structure (phonological short-term memory [STM], visual-spatial WM, and verbal WM) was comparable…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Intelligence, Factor Structure, Short Term Memory
Swanson, H. Lee; Lussier, Catherine; Orosco, Michael – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
Although current categories of learning disabilities include as specific disabilities calculation and mathematical problem solving [see IDEA reauthorization, 2004, Sec. 300.8(c)(10)], the majority of research focuses on calculation disabilities. Previous studies have shown, however, that deficits in word problem solving difficulties are persistent…
Descriptors: Sentences, Intervention, Learning Disabilities, Problem Solving
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Johnson, Deanne Emilie Dukleth; Swanson, H. Lee – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2011
The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to compare the cognitive performance of 11-to 14-year-old children with reading disabilities as a function of high (greater than 85 reading standard score) and low (less than 85 reading standard score) response to intervention. Students were divided into high responders, low responders, and…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Reading Difficulties, Response to Intervention, Phonological Awareness
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