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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

Learn more about the history of ERIC here. PDF icon

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Fowler, William J., Jr., Ed. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2005
This report contains papers presented at the 2004 annual NCES Summer Data Conference. Discussions and presentations dealt with such topics as measuring school efficiency, analyzing the return on education investment, calculating education costs per student, and assessing the financial condition of school districts. The following papers are…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Expenditures, Educational Research, Educational Attainment
Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Murnane, Richard, Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2011
As the incomes of affluent and poor families have diverged over the past three decades, so too has the educational performance of their children. But how exactly do the forces of rising inequality affect the educational attainment and life chances of low-income children? In "Whither Opportunity?" a distinguished team of economists, sociologists,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Community Characteristics, Neighborhoods, Behavior Problems
Monk, David H., Ed.; Walberg, Herbert J., Ed.; Wang, Margaret C., Ed. – 2001
This collection of papers focuses on the economic aspects of education as follows: (1) "Introduction" (David H. Monk, Margaret Wang, and Herbert J. Walberg); (2) "Tax Revolts and School Performance" (Thomas Downes and David Figlio); (3) "State Aid and Education Outcomes" (Sheila E. Murray); (4) "The Interface between Public and Private Schooling:…
Descriptors: Competition, Court Litigation, Economic Factors, Educational Economics
Roellke, Christopher, Ed.; Rice, Jennifer King, Ed. – 2002
This volume focuses on school finance challenges in large urban school districts, fiscal accountability in these schools, and the fiscal dimensions of urban school reform. The 12 papers are (1) "School Finance and Urban Education Reform" (Christopher Roellke and Jennifer King Rice); (2) "Can Whole-School Reform Improve the Productivity of Urban…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Competition, Data Interpretation, Educational Change
Ladd, Helen F., Ed.; Chalk, Rosemary, Ed.; Hansen, Janet S., Ed. – 1999
In the mid 1990s, the U.S. Congress requested a major study of the U.S. system of elementary and secondary education finance by the National Research Council (NRC). This volume of background papers was prepared in conjunction with one part of the study. It includes eight papers commissioned by the NCR's committee to inform its discussions about…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education
Fowler, William J., Jr., Ed. – 1997
Those who study education policy have struggled to understand how money matters in education and why educational research finds no strong or consistent relationship between expenditures and student performance. The papers in this publication were commissioned by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) to address the twin concerns of…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Data Analysis, Data Collection, Educational Equity (Finance)
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Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Rotenberg, Anne – Education Finance and Policy, 2011
In the spring of 2008 the authors surveyed members of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA) to gain insight into their views on education policy issues. The results summarize opinions of this broad group of education researchers and practitioners, providing AEFA members and education leaders with access to views that may be helpful as…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, School Choice, Finance Reform, Educational Finance
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Rubenstein, Ross; Zabel, Jeffrey – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2011
Although rearranging school organizational features is a popular school reform, little research exists to inform policymakers about how grade spans affect achievement. This article examines how grade spans and the school transitions that students make between fourth and eighth grade shape student performance in eighth grade. The authors estimate…
Descriptors: School Organization, Educational Change, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Grade 8
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
Public schools across the United States are educating an increasing number and diversity of immigrant students. Unfortunately, little is known about their performance relative to native-born students and the extent to which the "nativity gap" might be explained by school and demographic characteristics. This article takes a step toward filling…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Mathematics Tests, Immigrants, Reading Tests
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Rubenstein, Ross; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Zabel, Jeffrey – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
Reorganizing primary school grade spans is a tractable and relatively inexpensive school reform. However, assessing the effects of reorganization requires also examining other organizational changes that may accompany grade span reforms. Using data on New York City public schools from 1996 to 2002 and exploiting within-school variations, we…
Descriptors: Class Size, School Size, School Districts, Academic Achievement
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Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Iatarola, Patrice; Chellman, Colin C. – Economics of Education Review, 2009
With the financial support of several large foundations and the federal government, creating small schools has become a prominent high school reform strategy in many large American cities. While some research supports this strategy, little research assesses the relative costs of these smaller schools. We use data on over 200 New York City high…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, High Schools, School Restructuring, Small Schools
Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Iatorola, Patrice; Chellman, Colin C. – Institute for Education and Social Policy, New York University, 2008
With the financial support of several large foundations and the federal government, creating small schools has become a prominent high school reform strategy in many large American cities. While some research supports this strategy, little research assesses the relative costs of these smaller schools. Data on over 200 New York City high schools,…
Descriptors: Expenditure per Student, Costs, High Schools, School Restructuring
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Iatarola, Patrice; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Chellman, Colin C. – Teachers College Record, 2008
Background/Context: High school reform is currently at the top of the education policy making agenda after years of stagnant achievement and persistent racial and income test score gaps. Although a number of reforms offer some promise of improving U.S. high schools, small schools have emerged as the favored reform model, especially in urban areas,…
Descriptors: Small Schools, High Schools, Educational Change, Urban Schools
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2004
In New York City, where almost 14% of elementary school pupils are foreign-born and roughly half these are "recent immigrants," the impact of immigrant students on school resources may be important. While immigrant advocates worry about inequitable treatment of immigrant students, others worry that immigrants drain resources from native-born…
Descriptors: Geographic Regions, Educational Needs, Urban Schools, Immigrants
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Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Ellen, Ingrid Gould – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2007
We examine the size and distribution of the gap in test scores across races within New York City public schools and the factors that explain these gaps. While gaps are partially explained by differences in student characteristics, such as poverty, differences in schools attended are also important. At the same time, substantial within-school gaps…
Descriptors: Race, Student Characteristics, Urban Schools, Scores
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