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Sugimura, Niwako; Rudolph, Karen D. – Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2012
This research examined the hypothesis that temperament and sex moderate the contribution of peer victimization to children's subsequent adjustment (aggression and depressive symptoms). Children (125 boys, 158 girls; M age = 7.95 years, SD = 0.32; 77.7% White, 22.3% minority) and teachers reported on overt and relational victimization. Parents…
Descriptors: Females, Intervention, Depression (Psychology), Males
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Rudolph, Karen D. – Social Development, 2010
This research investigated the role of children's implicit theories of peer relationships in their psychological, emotional, and behavioral adjustment. Participants included 206 children (110 girls; 96 boys; M age = 10.13 years, SD = 1.16) who reported on their implicit theories of peer relationships, social goal orientation, need for approval,…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Victims of Crime, Peer Relationship, Theories
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Flynn, Megan; Rudolph, Karen D. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2011
This research examined the proposal that ineffective responses to common interpersonal problems disrupt youths' relationships, which, in turn, contributes to depression during adolescence. Youth (86 girls, 81 boys; M age = 12.41, SD = 1.19) and their primary female caregivers participated in a three-wave longitudinal study. Youth completed a…
Descriptors: Intervention, Caregivers, Psychopathology, Adolescents
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Agoston, Anna M.; Rudolph, Karen D. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2013
This research examined two pathways through which depressive symptoms contribute to low social status (i.e., neglect and rejection) within the peer group over time: (a) depressive symptoms promote socially helpless behavior and consequent neglect by peers; and (b) depressive symptoms promote aggressive behavior and consequent rejection by peers.…
Descriptors: Developmental Stages, Early Adolescents, Social Status, Peer Groups
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Flynn, Megan; Rudolph, Karen D. – Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 2010
This research investigated the contribution of deficits in emotional clarity to children's socioemotional adjustment. Specifically, this study examined the proposal that deficits in emotional clarity are associated with maladaptive interpersonal stress responses, and that maladaptive interpersonal stress responses act as a mechanism linking…
Descriptors: Emotional Development, Social Development, Child Development, Feedback (Response)
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Agoston, Anna M.; Rudolph, Karen D. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2011
This study examined transactional associations between responses to peer stress and depression in youth. Specifically, it tested the hypotheses that (a) depression would predict fewer effortful responses and more involuntary, dysregulated responses to peer stress over time; and (b) fewer adaptive and more maladaptive responses would predict…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Females, Caregivers, Depression (Psychology)
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Abaied, Jamie L.; Rudolph, Karen D. – Developmental Psychology, 2011
Understanding how youths develop particular styles of responding to stress is critical for promoting effective coping. This research examined the prospective, interactive contribution of maternal socialization of coping and peer stress to youth responses to peer stress. A sample of 144 early adolescents (mean age = 12.44 years, SD = 1.22) and…
Descriptors: Socialization, Caregivers, Questionnaires, Coping
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Abaied, Jamie L.; Rudolph, Karen D. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2010
This study examined the hypothesis that maternal socialization of coping would make a differential contribution to youth depression and externalizing psychopathology depending on youths' level of exposure to life stress. A sample of 155 youth (M age = 12.41, SD = 1.21) and their maternal caregivers completed semi-structured interviews and…
Descriptors: Mothers, Stress Management, Mental Health, Stress Variables
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Krackow, Elisa; Rudolph, Karen D. – Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2008
This study investigated the accuracy of depressed youths' appraisals of naturally occurring life events. Participants (49% girls; M age = 12.44 years) with clinical diagnoses of depression (n = 24), subsyndromal symptoms of depression (n = 29), and no symptoms of psychopathology (n = 36) completed semi-structured interviews of life stress. As…
Descriptors: Psychopathology, Depression (Psychology), Stress Variables, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Llewellyn, Nicole; Rudolph, Karen D.; Roisman, Glenn I. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2012
Research suggests that the pubertal transition, particularly when experienced earlier than age-matched peers, is associated with heightened depression in girls but less depression in boys. This study examined whether stress within other-sex relationships serves as one process through which puberty differentially contributes to depression for girls…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Puberty, Depression (Psychology), Gender Differences
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Kochel, Karen P.; Ladd, Gary W.; Rudolph, Karen D. – Child Development, 2012
A longitudinal investigation was conducted to explicate the network of associations between depressive symptoms and peer difficulties among 486 fourth through sixth graders (M = 9.93 years). Parent and teacher reports of depressive symptoms; peer, self, and teacher reports of victimization; and peer reports of peer acceptance were obtained. A…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Grade 6, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Rudolph, Karen D.; Troop-Gordon, Wendy; Granger, Douglas A. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2010
This research examined whether variations in salivary measures of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (cortisol) and autonomic nervous system (alpha amylase [sAA]) contribute to individual differences in the association between peer victimization and aggression. Children (N = 132; M age = 9.46 years, SD = 0.33) completed a measure of peer…
Descriptors: Aggression, Females, Models, Individual Differences
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Rudolph, Karen D.; Troop-Gordon, Wendy; Flynn, Megan – Developmental Psychology, 2009
In this study, the authors examined whether exposure to relational victimization was associated with children's thoughts, emotions, and behavior in an unfamiliar, challenging peer context. Children (110 girls, 96 boys; mean age = 10.13 years, SD = 1.16) reported on their exposure to relational victimization by peers. Following a challenging…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Peer Relationship, Self Control, Cognitive Processes
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Rudolph, Karen D.; Troop-Gordon, Wendy; Hessel, Elenda T.; Schmidt, Jennifer D. – Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2011
Peer victimization has been implicated as a traumatic stressor that compromises children's long-term mental health, yet a dearth of prospective research documents lasting effects of early victimization. This study examined whether early (2nd grade) and increasing (2nd-5th grade) victimization predicted 5th grade depressive symptoms and aggressive…
Descriptors: Aggression, Gender Differences, Mental Health, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Rudolph, Karen D.; Abaied, Jamie L.; Flynn, Megan; Sugimura, Niwako; Agoston, Anna Monica – Child Development, 2011
This research explored the contribution of social goal orientation, specifically, development (improving social skills and relationships), demonstration-approach (gaining positive judgments), and demonstration-avoidance (minimizing negative judgments). Children (N = 373; M age = 7.97, SD = 0.34) were followed from 2nd to 3rd grades. Validity of…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Goal Orientation, Problem Solving, Social Adjustment
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