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Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Wiswall, Matthew – Educational Researcher, 2015
Research finds that small high schools deliver better outcomes than large high schools for urban students. An important outstanding question is whether this better performance is gained at the expense of losses elsewhere: Does small school reform lift the whole district? We explore New York City's small high school reform in which hundreds of new…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Educational Change, Small Schools, High Schools
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen – Education Finance and Policy, 2010
Research in education finance and policy has flourished over the past twenty years as No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and a wide range of school reform efforts spurred demand for scientific evidence identifying "what works." Research funding has been generous, buoyed by both favorable economic conditions and the sense that research will provide…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Research Methodology
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Corcoran, Sean P.; Elbel, Brian; Schwartz, Amy Ellen – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2016
Participation in the federally subsidized school breakfast program often falls well below its lunchtime counterpart. To increase take-up, many districts have implemented Breakfast in the Classroom (BIC), offering breakfast directly to students at the start of the school day. Beyond increasing participation, advocates claim BIC improves academic…
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, Obesity, Academic Achievement, Evidence
Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Cordes, Sarah A. – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2015
The majority of existing research on mobility indicates that students do worse in the year of a school move. This research, however, has been unsuccessful in isolating the causal effects of mobility and often fails to distinguish the heterogeneous impacts of moves, conflating structural moves (mandated by a school's terminal grade) and…
Descriptors: Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Influences, Longitudinal Studies
Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Wiswall, Matthew – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2012
We evaluate the effectiveness of small high school reform in the country's largest school district, New York City. Using a rich administrative dataset for multiple cohorts of students and distance between student residence and school to instrument for endogenous school selection, we find substantial heterogeneity in school effects: newly created…
Descriptors: Small Schools, Urban Schools, School District Size, School Districts
Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Leos-Urbel, Jacob; Silander, Megan; Wiswall, Matt – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2014
Holding a summer job is a rite of passage in American adolescence, a first rung towards adulthood and self-sufficiency. However, over the past decade, youth employment during the summer has decreased significantly. Summer youth employment has the potential to benefit high school students' educational outcomes and employment trajectories,…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Student Employment, Youth, Employment Level
Corcoran, Sean P.; Elbel, Brian; Schwartz, Amy Ellen – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2014
Participation in the federally-subsidized school breakfast program often falls well below its lunchtime counterpart. To increase take-up, many districts have implemented Breakfast in the Classroom (BIC), offering breakfast directly to students at the start of the school day. Beyond increasing participation, advocates claim BIC improves academic…
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, Program Effectiveness, Obesity, Body Weight
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Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Rotenberg, Anne – Education Finance and Policy, 2011
In the spring of 2008 the authors surveyed members of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA) to gain insight into their views on education policy issues. The results summarize opinions of this broad group of education researchers and practitioners, providing AEFA members and education leaders with access to views that may be helpful as…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, School Choice, Finance Reform, Educational Finance
Debraggio, Elizabeth; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2011
Immigration and migration to New York City (NYC) collectively create a dynamic population of students. In this brief the authors use a decade of detailed, longitudinal data on NYC's 1st-8th graders to explore both the "stock" of students enrolled and the "flow" of new entrants in each academic year. Together, these paint a…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Immigration, Grade 1, Grade 2
Debraggio, Elizabeth; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2011
New York City (NYC) is home to the largest school district in the U.S., with over one million students and more than 1,600 schools. While it is only one of approximately seven hundred school districts in New York State (NYS), the city educates about one-third of the state's students. In recent work examining school finance during Mayor Bloomberg's…
Descriptors: Urban Areas, School Districts, Educational Finance, Financial Support
Sharkey, Patrick; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Lacoe, Johanna – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2013
This paper examines the effect of exposure to violent crime on students' standardized test performance among a sample of students in New York City public schools. To identify the effect of exposure to community violence on children's test scores, we compare students exposed to an incident of violent crime on their own blockface in the week prior…
Descriptors: Violence, Crime, Environmental Influences, Standardized Tests
Weinstein, Meryle; Whitesell, Emilyn Ruble; Schwartz, Amy Ellen – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2013
In this paper we provide the first rigorous evidence of the impact of a partnership between public middle schools and informal science institutions (ISIs), such as museums and zoos, on student outcomes. This study focuses on Urban Advantage (UA), a program in New York City (NYC) that explicitly draws upon the expertise and resources of the city's…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Public Schools, Middle Schools, Museums
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Corcoran, Sean P.; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Weinstein, Meryle – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2012
The New York City Leadership Academy represents a unique experiment by a large urban school district to train and develop its own school leaders. Its 14-month Aspiring Principals Program (APP) selects and prepares aspiring principals to lead low-performing schools. This study provides the first systematic evaluation of achievement in APP-staffed…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Language Arts, Principals, Leadership Training
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Rubenstein, Ross; Zabel, Jeffrey – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2011
Although rearranging school organizational features is a popular school reform, little research exists to inform policymakers about how grade spans affect achievement. This article examines how grade spans and the school transitions that students make between fourth and eighth grade shape student performance in eighth grade. The authors estimate…
Descriptors: School Organization, Educational Change, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Grade 8
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
Public schools across the United States are educating an increasing number and diversity of immigrant students. Unfortunately, little is known about their performance relative to native-born students and the extent to which the "nativity gap" might be explained by school and demographic characteristics. This article takes a step toward filling…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Mathematics Tests, Immigrants, Reading Tests
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