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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

Learn more about the history of ERIC here. PDF icon

Showing 1 to 15 of 19 results
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Bright, Jim E. H.; Pryor, Robert G. L. – Journal of Employment Counseling, 2011
The Chaos Theory of Careers (CTC; Pryor & Bright, 2011) construes both individuals and the contexts in which they develop their careers in terms of complex dynamical systems. Such systems perpetually operate under influences of stability and change both internally and in relation to each other. The CTC introduces new concepts to account for…
Descriptors: Systems Approach, Career Counseling, Counseling Services, Counseling Theories
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Pryor, Robert; Bright, Jim – Australian Journal of Career Development, 2004
This paper highlights five challenges to the accepted wisdom in career development theory and practice. It presents the chaos theory of careers and argues that the chaos theory provides a more complete and authentic account of human behaviour. The paper argues that positivism, reductionism and assumptions of linearity are inappropriate for…
Descriptors: Physics, Career Development, Holistic Approach, Prediction
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Earl, Joanne K.; Bright, Jim E. H. – Journal of Vocational Behavior, 2007
This paper describes a longitudinal study exploring the relationship between career decision status and work outcomes (i.e. job satisfaction, organizational commitment and performance) in a group of newly appointed graduates. Graduates employed into similar roles in a large Multinational Consultancy were tracked over 12 months at three time…
Descriptors: Job Satisfaction, Work Environment, Decision Making, Longitudinal Studies
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Pryor, Robert George Leslie; Bright, Jim E. H. – British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 2009
The potential of game as a career metaphor for use in counselling is explored and it is argued that it has been largely overlooked in the literature to date. This metaphor is then explicitly linked with the Chaos Theory of Careers (CTC), by showing how the notion of attractors within the CTC can be illustrated effectively using games metaphors.…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Figurative Language, Career Development, Game Theory
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Earl, Joanne K.; Minbashian, Amirali; Sukijjakhamin, Aun; Bright, Jim E. H. – Journal of Vocational Behavior, 2011
This paper extends earlier research exploring the relationship between career decision status and work outcomes by examining resignation behavior in a group of new graduates five years after initial appointment. On appointment various measures were collected including career decision status variables. Earlier research identified a significant…
Descriptors: Career Choice, Persistence, Graduates, Career Change
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Borg, Tony; Bright, Jim; Pryor, Robert – Australian Journal of Career Development, 2006
Simple matching models of decision making are no longer sufficient as a basis for career counselling and education. The challenge for contemporary careers advisers is how to communicate some of the complexities of modern career development to their students; in particular, the apparently contradictory relationship between the need for planning and…
Descriptors: Careers, Secondary School Students, Career Development, Models
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Bright, Jim E. H.; Pryor, Robert G. L. – Australian Journal of Career Development, 2008
This paper presents the implications of the Chaos Theory of Careers for career counselling in the form of Shiftwork. Shiftwork represents an expanded paradigm of career counselling based on complexity, change and uncertainty. Eleven paradigm shifts for careers counselling are outlined to incorporate into contemporary practice pattern making, an…
Descriptors: Career Counseling, Change, Prediction, Risk
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Pryor, Robert G. L.; Bright, Jim E. H. – International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 2008
This paper seeks to extend previous work on narrative career counselling by considering the role of plot within clients' narratives. Seven archetypal narratives derived from the work of Booker (2004) are introduced that represent systems of meaning to provide insight into how individuals interpret their experience. These plots can be understood…
Descriptors: Career Development, Career Counseling, Personal Narratives
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Pryor, Robert G. L.; Bright, Jim E. H. – Journal of Vocational Behavior, 2007
This article presents the Chaos Theory of Careers with particular reference to the concepts of "attraction" and "attractors". Attractors are defined in terms of characteristic trajectories, feedback mechanisms, end states, ordered boundedness, reality visions and equilibrium and fluctuation. The identified types of attractors (point, pendulum,…
Descriptors: Careers, Career Development, Comparative Analysis
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Pryor, Robert G. L.; Bright, Jim – Australian Journal of Career Development, 2005
The chaos theory of careers emphasises continual change, the centrality and importance of chance events, the potential of minor events to have disproportionately large impacts on subsequent events, and the capacity for dramatic phase shifts in career behaviour. This approach challenges traditional approaches to career counselling, assumptions…
Descriptors: Career Counseling, Counseling Techniques, Decision Making, Influences
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Bright, Jim E. H.; Pryor, Robert G. L.; Chan, Eva Wing Man; Rijanto, Jeniyanti – Journal of Vocational Behavior, 2009
This article reports three studies on the nature and impact of chance events. The first study investigated chance events in terms of the dimensions of influence and control. The second and third studies investigated the effects of multiplicity of chance events on career development are in terms of respondents' own careers and then in terms of…
Descriptors: Career Development, Experience, Influences
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Pryor, Robert G. L.; Bright, Jim E. H. – Journal of Employment Counseling, 2006
The chaos theory of careers draws together a number of themes in current theory and research. This article applies some of these themes to career counseling. The chaos theory of careers is outlined, and a conceptual framework for understanding assessment and counseling issues that focuses on convergent and emergent qualities is presented. Three…
Descriptors: Career Counseling, Physics, Systems Approach, Counseling Techniques
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Earl, Joanne K.; Bright, Jim E. H. – Australian Journal of Career Development, 2004
A study is reported that investigates the relationship between career decision status, quantity and quality of work experience obtained by university students. Career decision status is the term used to capture an individual's level of decidedness and comfort with their career decisions and the reasons underlying this state (Jones & Lohmann,…
Descriptors: Career Choice, Work Experience, College Students, Computer Science
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Pryor, Robert G. L.; Amundson, Norman E.; Bright, Jim E. H. – Career Development Quarterly, 2008
The chaos theory of careers emphasizes both stability and change in its account of career development. This article outlines counseling strategies derived from this emphasis in terms of convergent or probability thinking and emergent or possibility thinking. These 2 perspectives are characterized, and practical counseling strategy implications are…
Descriptors: Careers, Probability, Career Development, Convergent Thinking
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McKay, Hannah; Bright, Jim E. H.; Pryor, Robert G. L. – Journal of Employment Counseling, 2005
Chaos career counseling, based on the Chaos Theory of Careers (R. G. L. Pryor & J. E. H. Bright, 2003a, 2003b), was compared with trait matching career counseling and a wait list control. Sixty university students who attended the Careers Research and Assessment Service seeking career advice were randomly assigned to the chaos intervention, the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Control Groups, Career Counseling, Career Development
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