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Bartlett, Elsa Jaffe – 1979
This study explores how children indicate that a new character or object is being introduced into a written text and how they tell their readers that a particular word refers to something which has appeared in the text before. In particular, the study focuses on information represented by noun phrases in written narrative texts. To investigate how…
Descriptors: Ambiguity, Communication Problems, Comparative Analysis, Context Clues
Bartlett, Elsa Jaffe – 1981
This report, designed especially for use by researchers, evaluators, and teachers, explores the practical implications of the composing process for writing instruction and assessment. An understanding of the actual process of text composition is presented as insights into how the acquisition of aspects of writing might be facilitated are explored.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Coherence, Curriculum Design, Descriptive Writing
Carey, Susan; Bartlett, Elsa – 1978
Twenty children aged 3;0 to 3;10 were studied for behavior related to the acquisition of a single new word ("chromium," which was presented as designating the color olive green). The research was conducted in three cycles: prior to exposure to "chromium," at the time of a single encounter with that word, and about a week after the first encounter.…
Descriptors: Child Language, Individual Differences, Language Acquisition, Language Research
Bartlett, Elsa Jaffe – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1984
Investigates extent to which certain co-referential and structural constraints are reflected in the anaphoric noun phrases of written narratives of elementary school writers. Results indicate that poor writers are relatively insensitive to the constraints of the more difficult co-referential context, but that they (poor writers) are as sensitive…
Descriptors: Ambiguity, Child Language, Discourse Analysis, Elementary School Students
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Bartlett, Elsa Jaffe – Journal of Child Language, 1976
Two tasks were used to test predictions of the Semantic Feature Hypothesis (SFH) about children's comprehension of the meaning of spatial adjectives. Predictions about acquisition order for dimensional features were supported; predictions about polarity were not. An acquisition hypothesis is offered that is contrary to the SFH. (Author/RM)
Descriptors: Adjectives, Child Language, Comprehension, Hypothesis Testing
Bartlett, Elsa Jaffe – 1970
For purposes of analysis, preschool language programs can be sorted into four general categories according to the dominant type of learning activity (1) Pattern practice, (2) Cognitive verbalization, (3) Discussion, (4) Role play. Along with definitions of language, the program types differ in the kinds of interactions which occur between teacher…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Interaction, Language Programs
Bartlett, Elsa Jaffe – 1976
The Distar and Open Court reading programs illustrate contrasting definitions and emphases of reading instruction that are part of a larger concern--how children are expected to use their literacy skills. Both programs teach phonics, but they define phonics in different ways. Each relies on teacher-directed group instruction, but Open Court was…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Children, Comparative Analysis, Conference Reports
Bartlett, Elsa Jaffe – 1977
This study investigates acquisition of two aspects of the meaning of color terms: semantic organization and reference. A longitudinal, repeated measure design was used, and data were collected from 33 subjects, 2 to 4 years old at first testing. Four tasks were used: one to assess semantic organization (the acquisition of the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Color, Concept Formation
Bartlett, Elsa J.; Wilson, Jay C. – 1982
A research project investigated the development of narrative rhetoric in students in grades 3 through 8 in New York City public schools. Two types of tasks were used, the first requiring students to write a story about the events depicted in a drawing, the second asking them to correct rhetorical problems in prepared narratives. A series of…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Child Development, Comparative Analysis, Developmental Stages