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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

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ERIC Number: ED475744
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Feb
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Using Top-Down Skills to Increase Reading Comprehension.
Nagao, Hirotaka
This paper discusses how to change English-as-a-Second-Language reading instruction within Japanese senior high schools into communication, or interaction between students and the text. It focuses on the use of top-down skills to increase reading comprehension, noting that Japanese teachers tend to naturally emphasize bottom-up skills and neglect top-down skills. Four chapters look at the following: (1) "The Present Situation of Teaching Reading at Senior High Schools in Japan"; (2) "The Fundamental Cause for the Present Problems" (emphasis on the bottom-up reading process model and limitations of this approach); (3) "Two Approaches Toward a 'New' Way of Teaching Reading" (skills and strategies approach and extensive reading approach); and (4) "Suggestions for Lesson Planning" (pre-reading activities, post-reading activities, and sustained silent reading.) Five appendixes contain previewing and post-reading sheets, graphic organizers, and a news article report. (Contains 19 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Japan