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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
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ERIC Number: ED475744
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Feb
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Using Top-Down Skills to Increase Reading Comprehension.
Nagao, Hirotaka
This paper discusses how to change English-as-a-Second-Language reading instruction within Japanese senior high schools into communication, or interaction between students and the text. It focuses on the use of top-down skills to increase reading comprehension, noting that Japanese teachers tend to naturally emphasize bottom-up skills and neglect top-down skills. Four chapters look at the following: (1) "The Present Situation of Teaching Reading at Senior High Schools in Japan"; (2) "The Fundamental Cause for the Present Problems" (emphasis on the bottom-up reading process model and limitations of this approach); (3) "Two Approaches Toward a 'New' Way of Teaching Reading" (skills and strategies approach and extensive reading approach); and (4) "Suggestions for Lesson Planning" (pre-reading activities, post-reading activities, and sustained silent reading.) Five appendixes contain previewing and post-reading sheets, graphic organizers, and a news article report. (Contains 19 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Japan