ERIC Number: ED418190
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Jan-26
Reference Count: N/A
Racial Preferences in Michigan Higher Education. Racial Preferences in Undergraduate Admissions at the Public Colleges and Universities of Michigan.
Lerner, Robert; Nagai, Althea K.
This study examines the extent to which racial preferences are used in a cross-section of Michigan's public universities and attempts to determine how the elimination of racial preferences would affect the enrollment patterns of these schools. It submits actual admissions data from eight public universities to statistical analysis. All eight schools show a qualifications gap between white and black students admitted. There was no school at which the black median Scholastic Aptitude Assessment, American College Testing program test, or grade point average (GPA) was equal to or higher than the white median. Most schools also showed a qualifications gap between White and Hispanic students, with data strongly suggesting that most of the schools used racial preferences to increase Hispanic enrollment. There was no evidence that Asian Americans were benefiting from racial preferences, and there was strong evidence that they did not receive special consideration at all. Schools routinely rejected White and Asian students with higher test scores than admitted Black and Hispanic students, although rejected White students usually had lower GPAs than accepted Black and Hispanic students. The 6-year graduation rates of Whites and Asian Americans were higher than those of Blacks at all the schools and of Hispanics at all but one. If Michigan schools were to admit students on a colorblind basis, admissions of blacks would not drop sharply across the board. Only at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor would there probably be significant declines in black enrollment. (Contains 45 figures.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Admission (School), Affirmative Action, Black Students, College Applicants, College Entrance Examinations, Competitive Selection, Enrollment, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Hispanic Americans, Minority Groups, Public Colleges, Racial Differences, School Holding Power, State Programs, Undergraduate Students
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Equal Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Michigan; Racial Preference