ERIC Number: ED395967
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Population Generalizability, Cultural Sensitivity, and Ethical Dilemmas.
Laosa, Luis M.
Applied psychologists who provide services to nations composed of multiple and widely varied cultural groups face certain ethical dilemmas that would not arise in more homogeneous societies. These ethical dilemmas revolve around the concept of population generalizability, which refers to the applicability of research findings across different populations. In the realm of basic research, population generalizability remains a scientific concern, but in applied psychology it becomes an ethical issue. It is an ethical issue because the effects of a particular service, intervention, or policy cannot be predicted for populations different from the samples that yielded the research findings. Population sensitivity refers to an orientation that seeks to make services, institutions, or policies harmonious with the characteristics and values of diverse populations. Ethical dilemmas related to population sensitivity generally have to do with whether participation in the population-sensitive service entails separation from the mainstream group. A framework is needed to deal with these ethical dilemmas. Such a framework should include: (1) scrutiny of the evidence that justifies application to members of a specific population; (2) an examination of plausible rational justifications; and (3) the design of experimental applications intended to test the hypothesis of population generalizability. (Contains 64 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers: Population Generalizability
Note: A version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (95th).